Safety Measures in Textile and Apparel Industry


Risk Assessment in Textile and Apparel Industry:
Safety is an important factor in textile and clothing manufacturing sector. Factory management should take necessary steps to make working environment safer and healthier for the worker. Safety has great impact on apparel productivity. This article has presented some familiar hazards with their causes and remedies. 
 
 
Worker safety in textile and apparel industry
Fig: Worker safety in textile and apparel industry
Necessary Steps to Prevent Occupational Hazards in Textile and Apparel Industry:
Physical Hazards
SL No.
Types of Hazards
Causes or Results
Remedies
01
Noise
Noise induced hearing loss Tinnitus.
Isolation of the machine and silencer must be kept.
Inverted drive control noise in ring frame.
Proper maintenance lubricating control noise.
02
Dust
Causes respiratory problems and causes Byssinosis, a disease caused by cotton dust.
Proper housekeeping.
Dust collector.
Necessary PPE should wear by worker.
03
Light
Eye strain and glaring.
Proper lightening condition.
04
Lifting heavy weight
Muscular skeletal disorders.
Keep your backbone straight while lifting load.
Pull the load as close to the body.
Lift and carry loads with straight arms.
05
Welding operation
Spark ignition is very dangerous.
Restrict unauthorized person to do welding.
06
Electric short circuit
If no trips occur it gets sparks and gets fire.
ACB (Air circuit breaker).
MCB (motor circuit breaker).
07
Ventilation
Ventilation causes suffocation.
Proper ventilation condition.
Proper housekeeping.
08
Temperature
Improper temperature.
Proper temperature maintenance.
Temperature kept in control.
ACB (Air circuit breaker), MCB (motor circuit breaker).
09
Cleanliness
Improper floor.
Proper cleanness.
Maintenance floor to protect from hazard.
Necessary PPE should wear by worker.
10
Humidity
Improper humidity.
Avoid more humidity.
Improper workplace.
Electricity Fitting Hazards
SL No.
Types of Hazards
Causes or Results
Remedies
01
Short circuit
Improper earthing (trip occurs).
Avoid improper earthing and loose connections.
02
Improper isolation (electric shock).
All circuits to be enclosed in a proper circuit.
032
Motor high speed rotating due to high voltage (causes problem to the machine).
Moisture to keep in control.
04
Usage of old wires (not proper current flow).
Circuit breaker must be individual.
05
Input power cable exceeds more output (cable melting and heated).
Use of wires as per electrical standards.
06
Looping in the running line (electronics PCB).
Input wire must be more power than output.
07
Electrical maintenance (ECB board check the connection grease the motor frequently).
Avoid looping.
08
Moisture (proper wiring.
Needs preventive maintenance.