Relation Between Yarn Count and GSM | Relation Between Stitch Length and GSM | Mostly Used Yarn Count in Textile

What is Yarn Count in Textile?
According to the textile institute, yarn count is a number which normally indicates the mass per unit length or length per unit mass of yarn. There are mainly two types of yarn count where one is indirect system (English, metric, worsted) and another one is direct system (tex, denier, pounds per spindle).

Fig: Relation between yarn count and GSM
What is GSM of Fabric in Clothing?
In textile and apparel industry, GSM stands for Grams per Square Meter. GSM is normally mentioned in order sheet of apparel export order. It indicates the thickness of fabric. It is the metric measurement of the weight of a fabric.

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Relation Between Stitch Length, GSM and Yarn Count:
SI. No.
Types of Fabric
Yarn Count
Stitch Length (mm)
GSM
1
Strip Single Jersey Fabric
26/1
2.86
160
2
Single Jersey Fabric
30/1
2.80
150
3
Double Pique Fabric
32/1
2.58
165
4
1×1 Rib Fabric
30/1
2.60
220
5
1×1 Rib Fabric
20/1
3.20
270
6
1×1 Rib Fabric
24/1
2.90
220
7
1×1 Rib Fabric
28/1
2.67
200
8
1×1 Rib Fabric
32/1
2.45
200
9
Single Jersey Fabric
28/1
2.78
155
10
Single Jersey Fabric
40/1
2.45
110
11
Single Jersey Fabric
28/1
2.75
160
12
Full Feeder Lycra S/J Fabric
34/1
2.90
180
13
Full Feeder Lycra S/J Fabric
30/1
2.95
200
14
Full Feeder Lycra S/J Fabric
28/1
2.80
160
15
Full Feeder Lycra S/J Fabric
26/1
2.90
160
16
1×1 Rib Fabric
24/1
3.00
270
17
1×1 Rib Fabric
40/1 CVC
2.80
250
18
2×2 Rib Fabric
30/1
2.78
220
19
1×1 Lycra Rib Fabric
30/1 + 40D
2.90
230
20
Stripe S/J Fabric
26/1
2.86
160

What Types of Yarn Count Used in Knit Fabric Manufacturing?
The below yarn counts are widely used in knit fabric manufacturing industry.
SL No.
Types of Fabric
Yarn Count
01
Cotton
20/1, 24/1, 26/1, 28/1, 30/1, 34/1, 40/1 Ne
02
Terylene cotton
20/1, 24/1, 26/1, 28/1, 30/1 Ne
03
CVC
26/1, 28/1, 30/1, 34/1 Ne
04
Mélange
20/1, 22/1, 26/1, 30/1 Ne
05
Spandex
40D, 70D
06
75D, 150D
07
Sewing thread
40/2, 150D